Downloads Size

Validation tools for React built on react-waitables

This package provides tools for building efficiently executed validators that depend on bindings and/or waitables. This is useful:

  • for live field-level validation
  • for live form-level validation
  • with validations that depend on dynamically loaded / computed values

The following example demonstrates attaching a validator to a string binding, which is updated by a TextInput component (code for TextInput is included in CodeSandbox).

The validator's state automatically changes as a user interacts with the field. In this case the validator is very simple, checking that the text field isn't empty. Below the input, the page dynamically reflects:

  • what the user entered
  • if the input is valid
  • if the input isn't valid: the associated error

Try it Out – CodeSandbox

import React, { useCallback } from 'react';
import { BindingsConsumer, resolveTypeOrDeferredType, useBinding } from 'react-bindings';
import { checkStringNotEmpty, useValidator } from 'react-validatables';
import { WaitablesConsumer } from 'react-waitables';

import { TextInput } from './TextInput';

export const App = () => {
const value = useBinding(() => '', { id: 'value', detectChanges: true });
const valueValidator = useValidator(value, () => checkStringNotEmpty("Shouldn't be empty"), { id: 'valueValidator' });

const onClear1Click = useCallback(() => value.set(''), [value]);

return (
<TextInput value={value} />
<button onClick={onClear1Click}>Clear</button>
You entered:&nbsp;
<BindingsConsumer bindings={value}>{(value) => value}</BindingsConsumer>
<WaitablesConsumer dependencies={valueValidator}>
{(validator) => (
<div>{`Valid: ${String(validator.isValid)}`}</div>
{!validator.isValid ? <div>{resolveTypeOrDeferredType(validator.validationError)}</div> : null}

In the example above, the validator only depends on a single input value and only performs a single check. However, multiple inputs and multiple operations are supported in a single validator and validators can depend on other validators.

In the following example, we demonstrated stored values and validators (see CodeSandbox for more-complete example with UI) where:

  • either first name or last name (or both) must be entered
  • age must be entered
  • age must be an integer between 0 and 199, inclusive

Try it Out – CodeSandbox

const checkNamePart = (): ValidationChecker<string> => changeStringTrim(checkStringNotEmpty());

const firstName = useBinding(() => '', { id: 'firstName', detectChanges: true });
const firstNameValidator = useValidator(firstName, checkNamePart);

const lastName = useBinding(() => '', { id: 'lastName', detectChanges: true });
const lastNameValidator = useValidator(lastName, checkNamePart);

const nameValidator = useValidator([firstNameValidator, lastNameValidator], (validators) =>
checkAnyOf(validators, 'First name, last name, or both must be specified')

const age = useBinding<number | undefined>(() => undefined, { id: 'age', detectChanges: true });
const ageValidator = useValidator(age, () =>
checkNumberIsInteger("Fractional values aren't allowed"),
checkNumberGTE(0, 'Must be >= 0'),
checkNumberLT(200, 'Must be < 200')
'Age is required'

const formValidator = useValidators([nameValidator, ageValidator]);

As your use cases become more complex, you'll start to build reusable, composable validators.

There are many cases where validation logic needs to be dynamic. With react-validatables, there are two main ways to introduce dynamism:

  • dynamic validation checkers
  • validator disabling bindings / setDisabledOverride

The validator checker creation function is called every time validation is performed, so the rules you setup can be changed anytime.

Validators can be disabled using one or more of disabledUntil, disabledWhile, and/or disabledWhileUnmodifiedBindings. When a validator is disabled, it it always considered to be valid. All of these options takes one or more bindings, so validators can be disabled/enabled very dynamically.

disabledWhileUnmodifiedBindings helps create more friendly forms by, for example, not providing feedback on inputs that the user hasn't modified yet. Otherwise, in the common case, all fields would initially be in an error state, which isn't necessarily useful. Consider using disabledWhileUnmodifiedBindings on all or most validators directly associated with inputs (see Final Validation section below as well).

If you need to override the automatically-calculated behavior, validators expose setDisabledOverride, which can be used to forcibly enable or disable a validator or to clear the override.

In the following example, we use disabledWhileUnmodifiedBindings so that firstNameValidator is disabled until firstName is modified. firstName is usually modified by calling set.

const firstName = useBinding(() => '', { id: 'firstName', detectChanges: true });
const firstNameValidator = useValidator(firstName, makeRequiredStringChecker, { disabledWhileUnmodified: firstName });

In addition to interactive validation, we often need "final" validation before, for example, submitting data to a server.

During interactive validation, we often have disabledWhileUnmodifiedBindings associated with inputs. However, if a user tries to submit a form with incomplete data, where they've accidentally skipped a field, for example, we then want to make sure we give clear feedback at that point. The finalizeValidation utility is used for these cases and to generally wait for validation to finish.

You may also want to use useValidators which is a shorthand for combining multiple validators together.

const formValidator = useValidators([firstNameValidator, lastNameValidator]);

const onDoneClick = () =>
finalizeValidation(formValidator, {
fieldBindings: { firstName, lastName },
onValid: ({ firstName, lastName }) => { … }

finalizeValidation generally:

  • marks the specified bindings as modified if they're not already
  • for bindings newly marked as modified, calls triggerChangeListeners, which in turn resets the associated validators
  • locks the specified bindings
  • waits for the validator to finish
  • extracts the specified bindings' values
  • unlocks the specified bindings
  • calls either onValid or onInvalid

It returns a function that can be used to cancel validation, if desired, and also a promise for the result.

This package provides basic functionality for string and number validation and, more importantly, provides tools for building your own performant validators.

For extending these capabilities, be sure to checkout our API Docs to get a more-complete picture of the building blocks.

Examples of extensions others might add support for are:

  • BigNumber
  • DateTime (Luxon)
  • Formal schemas and/or other validation tools (ex. Yaschema, Joi)

The API using the following prefixes for naming conventions:

  • check - a validation checking step
  • change - a value transformation step
  • allow - allow a set of values and pass the value through, for further checking, without the allowed types, since they were already checked
  • prevent - disallow a set of values and pass the value through if not disallowed, for further checking, without the disallowed types, since they were already checked
  • select - continue validation with a different value
selectValue(Math.random(), checkNumberGT(0.5))

API Docs

Thanks for checking it out. Feel free to create issues or otherwise provide feedback.

Be sure to check out our other TypeScript OSS projects as well.